In many instances, there are multiple parties involved in personal injury actions. For example, motor vehicle accidents commonly involve multiple wrongdoers/defendants (also known as tortfeasors). In 1966, a provision called Article 16 was added to the New York CPLR (Civil Procedure Laws and Rules) in order to adjust the liability of tortfeasors in an action. Article 16 does not govern economic damages, and thus items such as lost income or medical expenses are not applicable. Additionally, Article 16 cannot be invoked for wrongful death suits or property damage cases.